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- The Dallas-Fort Worth metropolitan area is hot, with rising population growth, income growth, and job growth, along with a relatively low cost of living and a high quality of life among major metro areas in the U.S.
- Residential home construction demand is far outpacing supply
- Multifamily fundamentals in Dallas-Fort Worth have recovered quickly, with rent growth in 2Q21 as of mid-June above 7%, trending to the highest rent growth since 2015.
- Cadre’s analysis indicates positive return contributions in the DFW region.
Yep. Texas really is bigger. In Dallas, the airport alone is larger than all of Manhattan. And arrivals to the Lone Star State just keep coming. Last year, the Dallas-Fort Worth (DFW) region grew faster than any other U.S. metropolitan area, according to preliminary data from the US Census bureau. Increasing job prospects and affordability also contribute to DFW’s rising star status—and its inclusion in the Cadre 15. In addition to the strong demographic trends, our data scientists have noted several potential points of interest in their proprietary analysis.
DFW on the Rise
Population growth, income growth and job growth are all climbing in the Dallas-Fort Worth region. While Americans continue to flee some other urban areas, the Texan metropolis keeps gaining: 120,000 people arrived in the DFW region during the COVID-19 pandemic, which includes births as well as migration. Those numbers are expected to keep growing. According to Moody’s, DFW is projected to add approximately 378,000 residents through 2025.
People are coming to DFW for a number of reasons. High among them: a thriving job market. The region is currently home to 24 Fortune 500 companies (including ExxonMobil, McKesson and AT&T). DFW also has the largest concentration of corporate headquarters in the U.S. Those businesses help drive a solidly defensive economic base, with job losses of just over half of the national average in 2019.  The pattern is self-fulfilling: as companies set up in DFW to tap into the local talent pool, more talent migrates to DFW for employment.
Employment isn’t the only draw, of course. The quality of life in Dallas-Fort Worth is strong, with a diverse population, relatively low cost of living and top-notch cultural offerings catering to a crowd that works as hard as it plays. Water parks, vineyards, lakes, rooftop lounges, tapas spots, cigar bars and more are all available for Texans of all stripes. Upwardly mobile professionals are increasingly making this metro area their home, with a median household income 11.8% above the national average.
Increased Need for Rental Units
With so much going for DFW, it’s not surprising that demand for housing is crunching the available supply.
Dallas was the number one commercial property construction market throughout the pandemic (as of 1Q2021), and the first for multifamily new construction.  The DFW region overtook NYC in 2019, toppling the Big Apple from the spot it held for the prior four years.
This new housing supply has been quickly absorbed. In desirable neighborhoods, large new construction multifamily buildings are at high occupancy. The pipeline appears to be limited, however. Our data scientists project new multifamily construction to decrease to 1.4% by 2022. With slowing supply in both residential and commercial new construction, along with continued strength in demand, we believe that the market is well-positioned for commercial real estate (CRE) investors in the DFW region—particularly for those interested in multifamily opportunities.
Multifamily assets can offer consistency in a volatile market. Rent growth in DFW in the second quarter of 2021 is currently above 7%, the highest rent growth since 2015. With stabilized occupancy in the DFW region, rent collection is expected to continue at high rates, resulting in predictable income for CRE investors. Tenants typically sign twelve month leases providing property owners the ability to reset unit rent to market rate upon expiration of each lease, so even in the face of increasing inflation, there may be ways to hedge rising rates as a commercial real estate investor.
10,000 corporate headquarters—including those 24 Fortune 500 companies—plus consistent top-five rankings for job and population growth trends have helped propel DFW to one of the nation’s top office markets. Investment opportunities in office buildings are also on the rise, with office transaction volume ranking fourth in the nation as of April 2021 YTD. (An informal Cadre survey shows that our staff did their part to keep DFW’s Frito-Lay corporation in the green throughout the pandemic.)
At 1 billion square feet, the DFW industrial market is one of the largest in the U.S., trailing only Chicago in size. Approximately 25% of the DFW inventory has been constructed over the past seven years, supported by population growth and its centralized location within the U.S. Despite increasing industrial supply, DFW led the nation in industrial net absorption as of Q1 20201 at just over 9 million square feet. These positive fundamental dynamics have made DFW the fifth most active industrial investment market in the U.S., with over $1 billion in transaction volume year-to-date as of April 2021.
Market Selection and Risk Factors
Cadre’s market selection process is one of our differentiators among asset managers. Our experienced commercial real estate team and data scientists combine their complementary skill sets to identify markets that we believe will grow faster than the rest of the U.S. over time.
Data scientists at Cadre use financial technology to observe pricing dynamics and price drivers, producing rich datasets with robust models to help rigorously test hypotheses about the factors that drive market performance. Our proprietary quantitative analysis can help our investment team better understand their sources and level of risk within the CRE marketplace.
Here’s how it works: Cadre’s proprietary price indices track returns in over 50 markets across the U.S. From these, we derive our momentum factor, which indicates the pricing trend (up or down) for each market. Our value factor seeks to capture underpriced markets, and our gateway factor measures the selected market against average Tier 1 market performance. The interplay of these factors over time can help explain how we are being rewarded for taking specific market investment risk.
In DFW, our proprietary factor model indicates positive return contributions for both growth (momentum) and general market (gateway) investment risk in the DFW region , with an inflection point at value. To date, Cadre has offered four properties in DFW to its investors.
Cadre’s investment professionals have decades of experience selecting assets and the latest data sets and financial technology tools. We partner with an extensive network of operators throughout the US, which gives us much-needed “boots on the ground.” Our stringent acquisition criteria requires digging deep into both data and human dynamics to take positions in investments we believe will outperform over time. We also look for opportunities to strengthen the communities in which we invest, through the following stated goals:
- Depositing 5% of cash holdings with leading minority depository institutions (MDIs)
- Partnering with MDIs to participate in financing
- Allocating 10% of future capital within our commingled fund strategy (the “fund”) to operating partners owned by underrepresented minorities
- Maintaining the number of reasonably-priced rental units within the fund
Our mission is to improve both our properties and our communities by democratizing access to commercial real estate investing. If you are interested in joining us, or to learn more about our mission, please reach out to a Cadre team member.
The Cadre 15 is a list of metropolitan statistical areas periodically identified by Cadre as commercial real estate markets with strong potential for risk-adjusted returns. The Cadre 15 is developed through a combination of quantitative and qualitative analysis, including predictive analytics and on-the-ground intel. Quantitative analysis involves forecasting two-year growth projections for each market and asset class based on various variables known to drive market appreciation including but not limited to population growth, employment, rent growth, new construction, and occupancy. Qualitative analysis involves a review of quantitative data by our industry experts. There is no guarantee that an investment in a Cadre 15 market will be successful. ↩︎
Bureau of Labor Statistics ↩︎
Real Capital Analytics: https://www.rcanalytics.com/chart-us-construction-markets-covid/ ↩︎
Cadre’s factor analysis is based upon study of internal price indices which track CRE values across 52 markets and 5 different asset classes. Factor selection follows Fama-French methodology,* and factor premiums are evaluated following the approach of Fama MacBeth.** The momentum, gateway and value factors are all found to be statistically significant.
Fama, Eugene F. and French, Kenneth R., Choosing Factors (March 1, 2017). Fama-Miller Working Paper, Tuck School of Business Working Paper No. 2668236, Chicago Booth Research Paper No. 16-17, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2668236 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2668236
Fama, Eugene F., and James D. MacBeth. “Risk, Return, and Equilibrium: Empirical Tests.” Journal of Political Economy, vol. 81, no. 3, 1973, pp. 607–636. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1831028. Accessed 17 June 2021.* ↩︎
The views expressed above are presented only for educational and informational purposes and are subject to change in the future. No specific securities or services are being promoted or offered herein.
This communication is not to be construed as investment, tax, or legal advice in relation to the relevant subject matter; investors must seek their own legal or other professional advice.
Performance Not Guaranteed
Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Any historical returns, expected returns, or probability projections are not guaranteed and may not reflect actual future performance.
Risk of Loss
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Investments offered by Cadre are illiquid and there is never any guarantee that you will be able to exit your investments on the Secondary Market or at what price an exit (if any) will be achieved.
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Opportunity Zones Disclosure
Any discussion regarding “Opportunity Zones” — including the viability of recycling proceeds from a sale or buyout — is based on advice received regarding the interpretation of provisions of the Tax Cut and Jobs Act of 2017 (the “Jobs Act”) and relevant guidances, including, among other things, two sets of proposed regulations and the final regulations issued by the IRS and Treasury Department in December of 2019. A number of unanswered questions still exist and various uncertainties remain as to the interpretation of the Jobs Act and the rules related to Opportunity Zones investments. We cannot predict what impact, if any, additional guidance, including future legislation, administrative rulings, or court decisions will have and there is risk that any investment marketed as an Opportunity Zone investment will not qualify for, and investors will not realize the benefits they expect from, an Opportunity Zone investment. We also cannot guarantee any specific benefit or outcome of any investment made in reliance upon the above.
Cadre makes no representations, express or implied, regarding the accuracy or completeness of this information, and the reader accepts all risks in relying on the above information for any purpose whatsoever. Any actual transactions described herein are for illustrative purposes only and, unless otherwise stated in the presentation, are presented as of underwriting and may not be indicative of actual performance. Transactions presented may have been selected based on a number of factors such as asset type, geography, or transaction date, among others. Certain information presented or relied upon in this presentation may have been obtained from third-party sources believed to be reliable, however, we do not guarantee the accuracy, completeness or fairness of the information presented.